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10 questions about the UK General Election 2024
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Blog...10 questions about the UK General Election 2024

10 questions about the UK General Election 2024

Green News
Policy
Westminster Parliament at sunset
In this article, we explore the crucial questions surrounding the UK general election of 2024, looking at why the election was called, the key issues at stake, and what the outcomes mean for the UK's future.
Green News
2024-07-09T00:00:00.000Z
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Westminster Parliament at sunset

The UK general election on July 4, 2024, significantly shook up the country's political landscape. With the Conservative Party's 14 years in power coming to an end and the Labour Party, led by Keir Starmer, achieving a historic landslide victory.

This election was not just about choosing between parties but about deciding on critical issues such as economic stability, healthcare, immigration, and the environment. Now that the nation has voted, understanding the key questions and implications of this election is essential.

👉 In this article, we explore the crucial questions surrounding the UK general election of 2024, looking at why the election was called, the key issues at stake, and what the outcomes mean for the UK's future.

1 - Why did Rishi Sunak call a general election?

Prime Minister Rishi Sunak's decision to call an early general election for July 4, 2024, surprised many. The Conservatives had initially indicated that an election was more likely to take place later in the year, with the deadline not until January 2025. So why the rush?

Sunak's move was most likely a strategic play. Firstly, the Conservative Party had been facing declining support, trailing Labour by about 20 points in polls prior to the election. By calling an election earlier, Sunak may have been attempting to catch the opposition off-guard and hoped to capitalise on recent positive developments, such as the reduction in inflation rates and the IMF’s more positive growth forecast for the country.

Additionally, Sunak might have been seeking to consolidate his position within the Conservative Party. His leadership - marred by the aftermath of his predecessors' controversial tenures, including the short-lived leadership of Liz Truss and the scandals of Boris Johnson - faced internal challenges. An early election forced the Conservative Party to rally behind him, potentially helping to ward off internal dissent for the time being.

Another factor was the ongoing issue of immigration, particularly the controversial plan to process asylum seekers in Rwanda. Sunak had staked much of his political reputation on this policy, which remained legally contentious and unpopular among many voters. By holding an election sooner rather than later, some believed he might have been hoping to deflect and avoid further backlash from this policy.

Lastly, the summer timing could have been a tactical decision. Summer elections are rare in the UK, with the last one held in 1945. The decision to hold one now could indicate that the Prime Minister believed the economy might perform worse as the year went on—essentially, in economic terms, this moment might have been as good as it got for the UK in 2024.

Sunak's early election call was a high-risk strategy driven by a combination of attempting to seize a narrow window of opportunity, consolidating his leadership, and addressing pressing political challenges. However, this gamble did not pay off, as the Conservatives suffered a historic defeat, and the Labour Party, led by Keir Starmer, secured a landslide victory. The aftermath of this election will see significant changes in the UK's political landscape, with Labour poised to implement more progressive and environmentally focused policies.

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2 - Who were the main candidates?

The UK general election on July 4, 2024, saw a spotlight firmly on the two main candidates: Rishi Sunak and Keir Starmer. Both leaders came from very different backgrounds, and their visions for the future of the country differed significantly.

Rishi Sunak

Rishi Sunak was the leader of the Conservative Party and the Prime Minister from October 2022 until the election in 2024, following the brief tenure of Liz Truss. Sunak's rise to the top of British politics was marked by his time as Chancellor of the Exchequer under Boris Johnson, where he became widely known for his economic management during the COVID-19 pandemic. His introduction of the furlough scheme, which supported millions of workers during the lockdowns, earned him significant praise.

Sunak's background is rooted in finance and business. Before entering politics, he worked at investment firms and later co-founded an investment company. He was elected as the Member of Parliament (MP) for Richmond, Yorkshire, in 2015. Despite his rapid ascent, his premiership was challenged by ongoing economic issues, internal party conflicts, and the controversial immigration policy involving asylum seekers being processed in Rwanda.

Keir Starmer

Keir Starmer, leader of the Labour Party since April 2020, presented a vastly different political figure compared to Sunak. With working-class roots, Starmer's career began in law, where he became a prominent human rights lawyer and later served as the Director of Public Prosecutions. He was knighted in 2014 for his services to law and criminal justice.

Starmer entered Parliament as the MP for Holborn and St Pancras in 2015. Since becoming Labour leader, he worked to reshape the party's image, moving it towards the political centre and distancing it from the more radical elements associated with his predecessor, Jeremy Corbyn. Starmer's focus was on presenting Labour as a competent and trustworthy alternative to the Conservatives, emphasizing issues like the NHS, social justice, and economic reform.

Election campaigns

Sunak and Starmer offered voters differing choices in terms of policy and leadership style. Sunak's campaign highlighted his experience in managing the economy and his efforts to control immigration, positioning himself as a steady hand during turbulent times. On the other hand, Starmer focused on critiquing the Conservative Party's performance over the last decade, highlighting issues like the cost of living crisis, public services, and proposing a vision for a fairer society.

Ultimately, the election results saw Keir Starmer's Labour Party achieve a historic landslide victory, signaling a strong public desire for change. The Labour Party's ambitious plans for green energy, social justice, and economic reform resonated with voters, leading to a decisive end to the Conservative Party's 14-year rule. The aftermath of the election will see significant policy shifts, particularly in environmental and social areas, as the new government begins to implement its agenda.

3 - What were the key issues at stake?

The 2024 UK general election came at a time of significant challenges and changes. The issues at stake played a crucial role in shaping the country's future. The key areas of policy that influenced voters' decisions included:

Economic stability

Economic stability was at the forefront of the election debate. The UK economy has faced turbulence in recent years, from the impacts of Brexit to the economic fallout from the COVID-19 pandemic. Inflation, while recently decreasing, has been a significant concern, affecting the cost of living.

Both major parties had different approaches to economic recovery. The Conservatives, under Sunak, emphasised fiscal responsibility and gradual economic reform, while Labour under Starmer advocated for increased public investment to stimulate growth and support struggling families. Despite recent improvements, the UK's economic situation remains challenging, with the cost of living crisis continuing to affect millions of households.

Healthcare and the NHS

The state of the National Health Service (NHS) was another crucial issue for voters. Long waiting times, staff shortages, and underfunding had plagued the NHS, leading to growing public dissatisfaction. By 2024, more than 7.6 million people were on waiting lists for hospital treatment in England, three times the 2010 figure.

Labour pledged to invest heavily in the NHS, aiming to reduce waiting times and improve services. The Conservatives, while also promising to invest in healthcare, focused on increasing efficiency and integrating more private-sector involvement to reduce the strain on public resources. Public satisfaction with the NHS had plummeted, and there was widespread concern about the future of free healthcare in the United Kingdom.

Immigration and asylum policy

Immigration remained a contentious topic, particularly with Sunak's controversial plan to process asylum seekers in Rwanda. This policy faced significant legal challenges and public criticism. The Conservatives argued that strict immigration controls were necessary to protect borders and reduce illegal crossings.

In contrast, Labour proposed a more humane approach, focusing on improving the asylum process and increasing cooperation with European neighbours to manage migration effectively. By 2023, long-term net migration stood at 685,000, among the highest levels since 2010 and well above pre-Brexit numbers.

Social justice and inequality

Social justice and addressing inequality were central themes in Labour's campaign. Starmer emphasised the need to tackle poverty, improve workers' rights, and ensure fair wages. While Labour's proposals included higher taxes on the wealthy and large corporations to fund public services and social programs.

The Conservatives focused on economic growth and job creation as means to reduce inequality, advocating for policies that encourage entrepreneurship and investment. However, the increasing reliance on food banks highlighted the urgent need for action, with more than 3 million food parcels distributed by food banks in the Trussell Trust network in the year to March 2024.

The environment and climate change

Environmental policies and climate change were increasingly important to voters, particularly younger generations. Both parties recognised the need for action, but their strategies differed.

The Conservatives had made commitments to renewable energy and net-zero targets but faced criticism for delaying some key environmental policies.

Labour outlined more ambitious plans for green energy investment, aiming to make the UK a leader in tackling climate change. Labour promised to create a publicly owned clean energy company, Great British Energy, by 2030, and aims to make all of the country’s electricity UK-generated and zero carbon by the end of the decade.

👉 The 2024 general election was a defining moment for the UK, highlighting key issues such as economic stability, healthcare, immigration, social justice, and the environment. The election's outcome, with Labour's historic victory, signaled a shift towards more progressive policies and a renewed focus on tackling climate change. The new government's ability to address these critical issues will shape the future of the UK and its role on the global stage.

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4 - What was the Conservative Party's environmental impact?

The Conservative Party's environmental policies over the past years, particularly under Rishi Sunak's leadership, have been marked by significant controversies and policy reversals. As Prime Minister, Sunak made several key U-turns on green initiatives that have shaped the party's environmental legacy and raised questions about its commitment to long-term climate goals.

Sunak's policy reversals and North Sea oil licenses

Following the Conservatives’ unexpected win in the Uxbridge and South Ruislip by-election last summer, which highlighted voter resistance to stringent environmental measures, Sunak took the tactical decision to delay the ban on the sale of new petrol and diesel cars and slowed down the phase-out of gas boilers. Despite these reversals, Sunak insisted that net-zero targets remained a priority but argued that they should be achieved without financially burdening people already struggling with the cost of living crisis.

One of the most contentious decisions was granting new licenses for oil and gas exploration in the North Sea, a move that drew significant criticism from environmental groups and industry experts. This decision was seen as a step backward in the fight against climate change and a concession to short-term economic pressures.

Renewable energy and net zero commitment

Despite these setbacks, the Conservatives have maintained a commitment to achieving net-zero carbon emissions by 2050. They have continued to invest in renewable energy sources such as wind, solar, and nuclear power. Sunak emphasised the importance of a balanced energy mix that ensures energy security while transitioning to cleaner sources. The party aimed to expand offshore wind capacity and support the development of new nuclear power stations as part of its long-term energy strategy.

Support for green technologies and innovation

The Conservative Party continued to support the development and deployment of green technologies. They pledged to invest in carbon capture, utilisation, and storage (CCUS) technologies to reduce industrial emissions. The party also supported hydrogen production as a clean energy source and aimed to make the UK a leader in hydrogen technology. Sunak highlighted the need for innovation to drive the green transition, with government backing for research and development in sustainable technologies.

Environmental regulation and legislation

The Conservatives proposed the strengthening of environmental regulations to protect natural habitats and biodiversity. They laid out plans to implement policies that encourage sustainable agriculture, reduce plastic waste, and improve air and water quality. The party also committed to reforesting degraded lands and increasing the coverage of protected areas to enhance the UK's natural environment. However, critics pointed out that they were already falling short on many of their existing nature policy pledges, including a ban on peat composts and rewilding programs.

Balancing economic growth and environmental sustainability

According to the Conservatives, their approach to environmental policy was grounded in balancing economic growth with sustainability. Sunak argued that a strong economy was essential for funding green initiatives and that environmental policies should not hinder economic progress. This perspective led to a focus on market-driven solutions and incentives for businesses to adopt sustainable practices rather than imposing strict regulations that Sunak believed could potentially stifle economic activity.

👉 The Conservative Party's environmental policies under Rishi Sunak were characterised by a mix of ambitious targets and controversial policy reversals. While the party continued to invest in renewable energy and green technologies, the significant U-turns on key green initiatives raised questions about their commitment to long-term climate goals. As the UK transitions to a new Labour government, there is hope that more progressive and consistent environmental policies will be implemented, reversing some of the controversial decisions made under Sunak's leadership and putting the UK back on track to meet its ambitious climate targets.

5 - What are the environmental policies of the Labour Party?

The environment and climate change are critical issues in the 2024 UK general election, with the Labour Party, under Keir Starmer, outlining a series of ambitious proposals aimed at positioning the UK as a leader in environmental sustainability.

Renewable energy and green investment

  • Labour has committed to significantly increasing renewable energy production. Their plan includes substantial investments in wind, solar, and other renewable energy sources to reduce the UK's reliance on fossil fuels. They aim to achieve a zero-carbon energy system by 2030, doubling the offshore wind capacity and boosting solar power initiatives. Labour also plans to establish Great British Energy, a publicly owned clean energy company, by 2030.

Green New Deal

  • A cornerstone of Labour's environmental policy is the Green New Deal, which proposes large-scale public investment in green technologies and infrastructure. This includes retrofitting homes for energy efficiency, expanding public transport networks, and developing new green industries. The Green New Deal aims to tackle climate change and create millions of new jobs, particularly in economically disadvantaged regions.

Climate change legislation

  • Labour plans to introduce new climate change legislation to ensure that the UK meets its environmental targets. This includes legally binding targets to reduce carbon emissions, protect natural habitats, and increase biodiversity. Labour is also committed to rejoining international climate agreements and taking a leading role in global climate negotiations.

Support for green innovation

  • Despite previously reducing their key £28 billion green investment pledge, Labour has announced plans to reinstate climate change as a policy priority for the Bank of England. This will help fund green technologies and start-ups, encouraging the development of cutting-edge solutions to environmental challenges.

Addressing social inequality and climate justice

  • Labour's environmental policies are closely linked with their social justice agenda. They recognise that the impacts of climate change disproportionately affect the poorest communities. Labour plans to ensure that the transition to a green economy is fair and inclusive, with targeted support for low-income households, measures to reduce energy poverty, and initiatives to make green technologies accessible to all.

💡 Labour's environmental policies focus on ambitious renewable energy targets, large-scale public investment through the Green New Deal, robust climate change legislation, support for green innovation, and a commitment to climate justice. These proposals aim to position the UK as a global leader in the fight against climate change while ensuring that the transition to a sustainable future benefits all citizens in the United Kingdom.

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6 - What were the results of the UK 2024 general election?

The 2024 UK general election marked a dramatic shift in the country's political landscape. Here are the key results and their implications:

Labour Party:

  • Seats won: 412
  • Vote share: 35%
  • Impact: Keir Starmer's Labour Party achieved a historic landslide victory, marking the second-largest seat gain in Labour's history. This victory is second only to Clement Attlee in 1945 and Tony Blair in 1997. However, Labour's vote share was under 34%, the lowest for a majority-winning party, highlighting the fragmented nature of voter support.

Conservative Party:

  • Seats won: 121
  • Vote Share: 24%
  • Impact: The Conservatives faced a severe defeat, losing a substantial number of seats compared to their previous majority of 365 seats in 2019. This reflects widespread voter dissatisfaction with their recent governance.

Liberal Democrats:

  • Seats won: 72
  • Vote share: 12%
  • Impact: The Liberal Democrats saw a resurgence, significantly increasing their seat count from 11 in 2019 to 72 in 2024, despite a modest increase in vote share.

Reform UK:

  • Seats won: 4
  • Vote share: 14%
  • Impact: Reform UK, despite gaining 14% of the vote share, won only 4 seats. Their support was widespread but not concentrated enough to translate into a proportional number of seats.

Green Party:

  • Seats won: 4
  • Vote share: 7%
  • Impact: The Greens increased their representation to 4 seats, up from just 1 in the previous election, reflecting growing environmental concerns among voters.

Scottish National Party (SNP):

  • Seats won: 9
  • Vote share: 2%
  • Impact: The SNP experienced a dramatic collapse, losing 38 of their 47 seats, highlighting a significant shift in voter sentiment in Scotland.

Sinn Fein:

  • Seats won: 7
  • Vote share: 0.7%
  • Impact: Sinn Fein maintained their presence with 7 seats, continuing their influence in Northern Irish politics.

Plaid Cymru:

  • Seats won: 4
  • Vote share: 0.7%
  • Impact: Plaid Cymru secured 4 seats, maintaining their regional influence in Wales.

The 2024 election results reflect a significant realignment in UK politics, with Labour securing a strong mandate for change, and smaller parties like the Liberal Democrats, Greens, and Reform UK making notable gains despite a scattered vote.

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7 - What does a Labour government mean for the UK?

For those dissatisfied with the current state of affairs in the UK, it's hoped that Labour's victory in the 2024 general election will bring significant changes to the UK's policies and direction. Keir Starmer's leadership has steered the party towards a more centrist approach, focusing on economic reform, social justice, and environmental sustainability. Here’s what the new Labour government most likely means for the UK:

Economic policies

Labour's economic policies centre around increased public investment and support for working families. Keir Starmer's leadership promises a shift towards greater investment in public services, a fairer society, and a strong commitment to tackling climate change. He hopes to position the UK as a leader in sustainable development and social justice. Key economic initiatives include:

  • Public investment - Labour plans to invest heavily in infrastructure, education, and healthcare to stimulate economic growth and create jobs.
  • Fair wages - Introduction of a higher minimum wage and policies to ensure fair pay for all workers.
  • Support for small businesses - Providing grants and loans to small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) to foster innovation and economic diversity.

Healthcare and the NHS

Labour has pledged to make substantial investments in the National Health Service (NHS) to reduce waiting times and improve service quality. Their healthcare policies include:

  • Increased funding - Significant increases in NHS funding to address staff shortages and improve facilities.
  • Mental health services - Expansion of mental health services to ensure timely access to care.
  • Public health initiatives - Focus on preventive healthcare and public health campaigns to reduce the burden on the NHS.
  • Increased appointments - In Labour's manifesto they have promised to deliver an extra 40,000 operations, scans, and appointments a week in England - amounting to 2 million a year.

Education and skills

Labour's education policies aim to provide equitable access to quality education and skills training. Their key proposals include:

  • Free school meals - Expansion of free school meals to all primary school children in England.
  • Education funding - Increased funding for schools to reduce class sizes and improve educational outcomes.
  • Skills training - Investment in vocational training and apprenticeships to equip young people with the skills needed for the modern workforce.

Social justice and inequality

Addressing social inequality is a cornerstone of Labour's platform. Their policies focus on reducing poverty and promoting social justice through measures such as:

  • Universal Credit reform - Overhauling the Universal Credit system to make it more supportive and simple to navigate.
  • Affordable housing - Building more affordable homes and introducing rent controls to tackle the housing crisis.
  • Social care - Providing free social care for the elderly and disabled, funded through progressive taxation.

Environmental policies

Labour has put forward ambitious plans to combat climate change and protect the environment. Their environmental agenda includes:

  • Green New Deal - Large-scale public investment in green technologies and infrastructure to transition to a zero-carbon economy by 2030.
  • Renewable energy - Quadrupling the UK's offshore wind capacity and tripling solar power output.
  • Climate legislation - Introducing new laws to ensure the UK meets its environmental targets and protects natural habitats.

Brexit and international relations

Labour seeks to rebuild and strengthen the UK's relationships with its European neighbours and the wider world. Their approach includes:

  • Trade agreements - Negotiating favourable trade agreements with the EU and other key partners to ensure smooth and beneficial economic relations.
  • Global cooperation - Committing to international cooperation on issues such as climate change, security, and human rights.

Labour’s comprehensive agenda aims to not only address immediate socio-economic challenges but also to lay the foundation for long-term sustainable growth and environmental stewardship. The new government’s focus on equitable resource distribution, robust public infrastructure, and international partnerships underscores a transformative vision for the UK’s future.

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8 - What happens now?

With the Labour Party's landslide victory in the 2024 general election, the UK's political landscape is set for significant change. Here's what we can expect in the next days and weeks as Keir Starmer takes the helm as Prime Minister:

Cabinet appointments

  • Historic cabinet composition: Keir Starmer has appointed a historic cabinet with a record number of women. Key figures include Angela Rayner as Deputy Prime Minister and Rachel Reeves as the first female Chancellor of the Exchequer. Other notable appointments are David Lammy as Foreign Secretary and Yvette Cooper as Home Secretary.
  • Experienced ministers: Starmer has brought experienced politicians into his cabinet, including Ed Miliband as Energy and Climate Change Secretary. This blend of fresh faces and seasoned politicians aims to drive effective governance.

Immediate policy priorities

  • Immigration reform: One of Starmer's first actions will be to scrap Rishi Sunak’s controversial policy of deporting asylum seekers to Rwanda. Instead, Labour plans to introduce a new Border Security Bill to address migration issues more humanely and effectively.
  • NHS strikes and reforms: The new Health Secretary, Wes Streeting, is set to tackle the ongoing NHS strikes and work towards reducing waiting times. Starmer has also indicated plans to recruit additional healthcare staff and improve NHS infrastructure.
  • Economic recovery: With Rachel Reeves as Chancellor, Labour will focus on economic stability and growth, addressing the economic challenges inherited from the previous government. This includes new funding for local authorities and measures to boost economic growth.

Long-term goals

  • Environmental initiatives: Labour is committed to ambitious environmental policies, including a Green New Deal that aims for a zero-carbon economy by 2030. The plan includes significant investments in renewable energy and green infrastructure.
  • Social care and housing: Labour has promised to overhaul the social care system and address the housing crisis by building more affordable homes and implementing rent controls.

Challenges ahead

  • Prison overcrowding: The new government will address the overcrowded prison system with plans to build new facilities and review sentencing policies. This will be managed by newly appointed Prisons Minister James Timpson.
  • Devolution and regional relations: Starmer plans to reset relations with the devolved nations and improve cooperation with local governments. This includes addressing the issues in Northern Ireland and Scotland, and working closely with metro mayors across England. Starmer has already started making the rounds, visiting each region and their respective leaders.

International relations

  • EU and global partnerships: Starmer has indicated a desire to reset relations with the EU, focusing on economic cooperation and reducing trade barriers. The new Foreign Secretary, David Lammy, has already begun outreach to European leaders to strengthen these ties.
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9 - What are the key challenges facing the new government?

  • Economic stability and growth: The UK economy has faced turbulence, from Brexit impacts to the COVID-19 pandemic fallout. Labour must stimulate growth while addressing inflation and public dissatisfaction over economic management.
  • Healthcare and the NHS: The NHS is under severe strain, with 7.6 million people on waiting lists for hospital treatment. Labour has pledged to invest heavily in the NHS to reduce waiting times and improve services, a promise that will be closely monitored by the public.
  • Social care reform: Reforming the social care system is urgent, given the growing needs of the elderly and disabled. Labour's plan to provide free social care, funded through progressive taxation, is ambitious but complex and costly.
  • Immigration and asylum policy: Starmer has already scrapped the controversial Rwanda deportation scheme and focuses on improving the asylum process and enhancing border security.
  • Environmental and climate policies: Labour’s ambitious environmental agenda includes achieving a zero-carbon energy system by 2030 and implementing the Green New Deal. The challenge will be balancing these initiatives with economic growth and ensuring public support for the transition to renewable energy.
  • Housing crisis: Home ownership is increasingly out of reach for many, particularly younger people. Labour plans to build 1.5 million new homes over the next parliament, focusing on brownfield and grey belt sites. Effective planning reform will be essential to achieving this goal.
  • Education and skills training: Improving the education system and expanding vocational training are critical for preparing the workforce for future challenges. Labour aims to reduce class sizes, increase funding for schools, and invest in skills training to equip young people with necessary skills for a modern economy.
  • Public satisfaction and trust: Restoring public trust in the government after years of perceived mismanagement and scandals is a significant challenge. Effective governance and transparent communication will be vital for Labour to maintain its mandate and implement its policies successfully.

10 - What's next for the Conservative Party?

The Conservative Party faces a period of intense reflection and restructuring following their significant defeat in the 2024 general election. Here are the key considerations and potential directions for the party:

Immediate leadership questions

  • Rishi Sunak's role: Rishi Sunak remains the party leader for the time being. He has indicated his willingness to stay on for a few months to facilitate a smooth transition, but he is not expected to remain in the role long-term.
  • Leadership contest: The process to find a new leader is expected to begin soon. The 1922 Committee, responsible for setting the rules and timetable for the leadership contest, will meet to determine the next steps.

Strategic considerations

  • Timeline for leadership selection: Some party members advocate for a longer, more deliberative process similar to 2005, which allowed time for a thorough debate and the emergence of a strong leader like David Cameron. Others prefer a quicker process to ensure the new leader is in place before key events such as the Budget in September and the Conservative Party conference shortly after.
  • Future direction: The party must decide whether to shift further right to appeal to the hard-right voter base or move towards the center to attract moderate Conservatives and swing voters. This decision will significantly influence the choice of the new leader and the party's policy direction.

Potential leadership contenders

  • Suella Braverman: The former Home Secretary has already begun positioning herself as a potential leader, advocating for a hardline approach on various issues.
  • Tom Tugendhat: Former Security Minister Tom Tugendhat is also seen as a potential candidate, with his recent activities suggesting he is considering another leadership bid.

Rebuilding and reflecting

  • Internal reflection: The party will need to engage in soul-searching to understand what went wrong and how to reconnect with voters. This includes addressing internal conflicts and setting a cohesive strategy moving forward.
  • Policy reassessment: There will likely be a thorough reassessment of policies, particularly those that may have contributed to the loss. This includes reviewing their stance on environmental issues, social policies, and economic strategies.

The Conservative Party now faces a challenging period as it looks to rebuild and redefine itself after the 2024 election defeat. The upcoming leadership contest and strategic decisions will be crucial in shaping the party's future.

Westminster Parliament in London

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